HANDLING OF BIO-MEDICAL WASTE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CATEGORIES OF BIO-MEDICAL WASTE

 

Chemicals treatment using at least 1% hypochlorite solution or any other equivalent chemical reagent. It must be ensured that chemical treatment ensures disinfections.

Mutilation/shredding must be such so as to prevent unauthorised reuse.

  There will be no chemical pretreatment before incineration. Chlorinated plastics shall not be incinerated.

Deep burial shall be an option available only in towns with population less than five lakhs and in rural areas.

 

Option

Treatment & Disposal  

Waste Category

Cat. No. 1

Incineration There will be no chemical pretreatment before inciner action Chlorinated plastics shall not be incinerated./deepDeep burial shall be an option available only in towns with population less than five lakhs and in rural areas burial

Human Anatomical Waste (human tissues, organs, body parts)

Cat. No. 2

Incineration There will be no chemical pretreatment before inciner action Chlorinated plastics shall not be incinerated./deep burial

Animal Waste Animal tissues, organs, Body parts carcasses, bleeding parts, fluid, blood and experimental animals used in research, waste generated by veterinary hospitals / colleges, discharge from hospitals, animal houses)

Cat. No. 3

Local autoclaving/ micro waving/ incineration There will be no chemical pretreatment before inciner action Chlorinated plastics shall not be incinerated.

Microbiology & Biotechnology waste (wastes from laboratory cultures, stocks or specimens of micro-organisms live or attenuated vaccines, human and animal cell   culture used in research and infectious agents from research and industrial  laboratories, wastes from production of biological, toxins, dishes and devices used for transfer of cultures)

Cat. No. 4

Disinfections (chemical treatment Chemicals treatment using at least 1% hypochlorite solution or any other equivalent chemical reagent. It must be ensured that chemical treatment ensures disinfections. /autoclaving/micro waving and mutilation shredding Mutilation/shredding must be such so as to prevent unauthorised reuse.

Waste Sharps (needles, syringes, scalpels blades, glass etc. that may cause puncture and cuts. This includes both used & unused sharps)

Cat. No. 5

Incineration There will be no chemical pretreatment before inciner action Chlorinated plastics shall not be incinerated./ destruction & drugs disposal in secured landfills  

Discarded Medicines and Cytotoxic drugs (wastes comprising of outdated, contaminated and discarded medicines)

Cat. No. 6

Incineration There will be no chemical pretreatment before inciner action Chlorinated plastics shall not be incinerated., autoclaving/micro waving

Solid Waste (Items contaminated with blood and body fluids including cotton, dressings, soiled plaster casts, line beddings, other material contaminated with blood)

Cat. No. 7

Disinfections by chemical treatment Chemicals treatment using at least 1% hypochlorite solution or any other equivalent chemical reagent. It must be ensured that chemical treatment ensures disinfections. autoclaving/micro waving& mutilation shredding. Mutilation/shredding must be such so as to prevent unauthorised reuse.

Solid Waste (waste generated from disposable items other than the waste sharps such as tubing, catheters, intravenous sets etc.)

Cat. No. 8

Disinfections by chemical treatment Chemicals treatment using at least 1% hypochlorite solution or any other equivalent chemical reagent. It must be ensured that chemical treatment ensures disinfections. and discharge into drain

Liquid Waste (waste generated from laboratory & washing, cleaning   , house-keeping and disinfecting activities)

Cat. No. 9

Disposal in municipal landfill

Incineration Ash (ash from incineration of any bio-medical waste)

Cat. No. 10 Chemical treatment Chemicals treatment using at least 1% hypochlorite solution or any other equivalent chemical reagent. It must be ensured that chemical treatment ensures disinfections. & discharge into drain for liquid & secured landfill for solids 

Chemical Waste (chemicals used in production of biological, chemicals, used in disinfect ion, as insecticides, etc)

Option

Treatment & Disposal  

Waste Category

 

Chemicals treatment using at least 1% hypochlorite solution or any other equivalent chemical reagent. It must be ensured that chemical treatment ensures disinfections.

Mutilation/shredding must be such so as to prevent unauthorised reuse.

  There will be no chemical pretreatment before incineration. Chlorinated plastics shall not be incinerated.

Deep burial shall be an option available only in towns with population less than five lakhs and in rural areas.

The most essential part of hospital waste management is the segregation of Bio-medical waste. The segregation of the waste should be performed within the premises of the hospital/nursing homes. The color coding, type of container to be used for different waste category and suggested treatment options are listed below.

COLOR CODING & TYPE OF CONTAINER FOR DISPOSAL OF BIO-MEDICAL WASTE

Colour Coding Type of   Containers Waste Category Treatment Options as per Schedule 1
Yellow Plastic bag 1,2,3,6 Incineration/deep burial
Red Disinfected Container/ Plastic bag 3,6,7 Autoclaving/Micro waving/ Chemical Treatment
Blue/ White translucent Plastic bag/puncture proof container 4,7 Autoclaving/Micro waving/ chemical treatment and destruction/shredding
Black Plastic bag 5,9,10 (Solid) Disposal in secured landfill

 

Notes:

  1. Color coding of waste categories with multiple treatment options as defined in Schedule 1, shall be selected depending on treatment option chosen, which shall be as specified in Schedule 1.

  2. Waste collection bags for waste types needing incineration shall not be made of chlorinated plastics.

  3. Categories 8 and 10 (liquid) do not require containers/bags.

  4. Category 3 if disinfected locally need not be put in Containers/bags.

Different labels for Bio-medical waste containers and bags shall be required for identification and safe handling of this waste. These labels for storage/transportation of Biomedical waste are as under,:

 

  LABEL FOR BIO-MEDICAL WASTE CONTAINERS/BAGS

 

 

LABEL FOR TRANSPORT OF BIO-MEDICAL WASTE CONTAINERS/BAGS

Day:______ Month _________
Year ______________
Waste Category No. _________ Date of generation__________
Waste Class

Waste Description

 

 

Sender's Name & Address

 

 

Receiver's Name & Address

 

 

Phone No.:_________________ Phone No.:_______________
Telex No. _________________   Telex No. :_______________
Fax No. ___________________ Fax No. :________________
Contact Person _____________ Contact Person:____________
In case of emergency please Contact:

Name & Address:

 

 

Phone No.

 

Central Govt. has laid down standards for treatment and disposal of Bio-medical waste.